Table of Contents
What is acquire and release?
Acquire semantics prevent memory reordering of the read-acquire with any read or write operation which follows it in program order. Release semantics is a property which can only apply to operations which write to shared memory, whether they are read-modify-write operations or plain stores.
What is memory_ order_ seq_ cst?
Essentially memory_order_acq_rel provides read and write orderings relative to the atomic variable, while memory_order_seq_cst provides read and write ordering globally. That is, the sequentially consistent operations are visible in the same order across all threads.
What is load acquire store release?
Acquire means that no memory accesses which appear after the acquire fence can be reordered to before the fence. Release means that no memory accesses which appear before the release fence can be reordered to after the fence.
What is C++ memory model?
The memory model means that C++ code now has a standardized library to call regardless of who made the compiler and on what platform it’s running. There’s a standard way to control how different threads talk to the processor’s memory.
What is memory consistency in computer architecture?
A memory consistency model is a contract between the hardware and software. The hardware promises to only reorder operations in ways allowed by the model, and in return, the software acknowledges that all such reorderings are possible and that it needs to account for them.
What do memory barriers do?
A memory barrier, also known as a membar, memory fence or fence instruction, is a type of barrier instruction that causes a central processing unit (CPU) or compiler to enforce an ordering constraint on memory operations issued before and after the barrier instruction.
What is volatile C++?
volatile means two things − – The value of the variable may change without any code of yours changing it. Therefore whenever the compiler reads the value of the variable, it may not assume that it is the same as the last time it was read, or that it is the same as the last value stored, but it must be read again.
What is release consistency model?
In release consistency model, the action of entering and leaving a critical section are classified as acquire and release and for either case, explicit code should be put in the program showing when to do these operations.
What is relaxed consistency?
Relaxed memory consistency models. Some different consistency models can be defined by relaxing one or more requirements in sequential consistency called relaxed consistency models. These consistency models do not provide memory consistency at the hardware level.
What is volatile C?
A volatile keyword in C is nothing but a qualifier that is used by the programmer when they declare a variable in source code. It is used to inform the compiler that the variable value can be changed any time without any task given by the source code. Volatile is usually applied to a variable when we are declaring it.
Is function call memory barrier?
In practice, a function call is a compiler barrier, meaning that the compiler will not move global memory accesses past the call.
Is read-modify-write an acquire or release operation?
A read-modify-write operation with this memory order is both an acquire operation and a release operation. No memory reads or writes in the current thread can be reordered before or after this store.
What is the difference between memory_order_acquire and memory_ order_release?
Atomic load with memory_order_acquire or stronger is an acquire operation. The lock () operation on a Mutex is also an acquire operation. Note that std::atomic_thread_fence imposes stronger synchronization requirements than an acquire operation. Atomic store with memory_order_release or stronger is a release operation.
What is acquisition cost for equipment?
Acquisition cost for equipment, for example, means the net invoice price of the equipment, including the cost of any modifications, attachments, accessories, or auxiliary apparatus necessary to make it usable for the purpose for which it is acquired.
What is the difference between consume and acquire operations in C++?
Atomic load with memory_order_consume or stronger is a consume operation. Note that std::atomic_thread_fence imposes stronger synchronization requirements than a consume operation. Atomic load with memory_order_acquire or stronger is an acquire operation.