Table of Contents
How long has urban sprawl been a problem?
Urban sprawl in the United States has its origins in the flight to the suburbs that began in the 1950s. People wanted to live outside of city centers to avoid traffic, noise, crime, and other problems, and to have homes with more square footage and yard space.
Why is Phoenix not sustainable?
Phoenix, one of the hottest places in the country, also is one of the fastest-warming, and its fast-growing population, urban sprawl and scarcity of water have earned the desert metropolis of nearly 5 million the distinction of being named “America’s least sustainable city.”
Why is urban sprawl unsustainable?
Although some would argue that urban sprawl has its benefits, such as creating local economic growth, urban sprawl has many negative consequences for residents and the environment, such as higher water and air pollution, increased traffic fatalities and jams, loss of agricultural capacity, increased car dependency.
How does suburban sprawl impact urban sustainability?
For years, scientists have argued that sprawling urban and suburban development patterns are creating negative impacts including habitat fragmentation, water and air pollution, increased infrastructure costs, inequality, and social homogeneity (Ewing 1997; Squires 2002).
Is Arizona unsustainable?
Supplying enough water to sustain a city this size in the desert has long been controversial, and as Phoenix and its neighbors continue their unrelenting sprawl — Arizona’s population has more than tripled in the past 50 years, from 1.8 million in 1970 to 7.2 million today — the state has often been regarded as the …
How suburban sprawl is killing the environment?
Because suburbs sprawl outward for miles, residents drive much more often, releasing large amounts of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. And because suburbs offer residents larger homes for less money than in urban centers, suburban residents spend huge amounts of energy heating and powering their larger homes.
Are the suburbs sustainable?
Suburban living conserves less energy than urban living, because big, detached houses take longer to heat and cool and lose energy more quickly, and they use more water for yard maintenance.
What caused a suburban sprawl into single family homes?
Economic growth and globalization are often cited as the principal macroeconomic drivers of urban sprawl; however, increased affluence, attractive land and housing prices, and the desire for larger homes with more amenities (such as yards, household appliances, storage space, and privacy) play significant roles at the …
Is Phoenix on the cusp of being dangerously overextended?
“The Phoenix metro area is on the cusp of being dangerously overextended. It’s the urban bullseye for global warming in north America.” One of those plans is Bill Gates’s new “smart city”.
Why is Phoenix the least sustainable city in the world?
“There is overconsumption and a disposable mentality. Our waste is taken to remote landfill sites, the cities are designed for cars, and sprawl is the norm.” In his 2011 book Bird on Fire, the New York University sociologist Andrew Ross branded Phoenix the least sustainable city in the world.
What do Arizona cities want from the Hoover Dam?
What these cities want is water. The Phoenix area draws from groundwater, from small rivers to the east, and from the mighty Colorado. The Hoover Dam holds much of the Colorado’s flow in the vast Lake Mead reservoir, but the river itself is sorely depleted.
Is there a drought contingency plan for greater Phoenix?
And yet despite the federal Bureau of Reclamation reporting in 2012 that droughts of five or more years would happen every decade over the next 50 years, greater Phoenix has not declared any water restrictions. Nor has the state government decided its official drought contingency proposal.